About the Project
During World War II, Vanport served as a federal housing project mainly for Kaiser shipyard workers and their families. By 1943, the population peaked at about 40,000 people, making it the second largest city in Oregon at the time. Located in what is now the Kenton neighborhood, Vanport was washed away in a flood on May 30, 1948, displacing approximately 18,500 residents and killing at least 15 people.
Today, all that remains are the memories of the survivors and their families, and a small piece of concrete foundation from the original Vanport movie theater.
In order to honor all those who lived and worked here, volunteers have initiated a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization named the Vanport Placemarking Project (VPP). The goals of VPP are to mark significant physical locations of the historic Vanport site to provide a place for people to learn, connect, and share stories and memories of Vanport.
In 2017, Vanport Mosaic led its first Vanport Festival narrated bus tour through the historic site of Vanport, which now houses the Portland International Raceway (PIR), Heron Lakes municipal golf course, public parks, and wetlands. This narrated tour inspired the Vanport Placemarking Project. Many former Vanport residents had not returned to this site since the day they evacuated in May 1948. Other tour guests from the region had no idea that a city of over 40,000 people had once thrived on this 650 acres of land.
By marking this site with permanent signs, we will share Vanport’s history and the stories of those who once called Vanport their home.
The Vanport Placemarking Project is installing signage in strategic locations to highlight Vanport’s history and share how it has shaped and impacted the environment and people, including Black communities, women, and Indigenous peoples. In the future, we hope to also incorporate the historical importance of the site for Chinese, Japanese, and Mexican communities.
Additionally, we are partnering with SERA Architects, a Portland-based architecture and design firm, to develop an Augmented Reality (AR) app which will overlay Vanport structures over the current landscape. The app will give visitors the experience of seeing what Vanport looked like prior to its destruction in the Flood of 1948.
Along with building physical signs, we are working to obtain National Register of Historical Places designation for Vanport. We also table at local events, collaborate on research projects, and share the story of Vanport and its communities through our website and communications. To learn more about recent project developments, visit our News page.
The Vanport Placemarking Project is an effort to commemorate areas and create space for others to share and reflect on their own experiences and connections to Vanport. We recognize that the development and ramifications of the Homesteading Act of 1862, the levee system, wartime housing projects, and the 1948 flood have all impacted local communities in different ways, especially for Indigenous, Black, and low-income communities.
Signs alone are not enough. This project is simply a starting point to help visitors learn from each other’s experiences.